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Xuan Shen (Ningpo Figwort Root)

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Cold Xuan Shen (Radix Scrophulariae Ningpoensis)
Salty, Sweet, Bitter, Cold
Radix Scrophulariae Ningpoensis
Tone Marks:
xuán shēn
Alt Names:
Yuan Shen
Dark Root


  • Clears Heat, Cools the Blood, and Nourishes the Yin
    Use when heat has entered the Blood level causing fever, bleeding, dry mouth, and a red-purple tongue color. Also for Yin Deficiency heat, especially following a fever with dryness, constipation, irritability, and dry cough.
  • Relieves Fire Toxicity and Inflammation
    For red or swollen eyes and severe sore throat.
  • Resolves Nodules and Lumps
    For neck lumps, swollen tonsils, scrofula, and swollen throat from phlegm fire.

Contraindications and Cautions

  • Contraindicated in patients with diarrhea, or dampness in the spleen or stomach. This herb has been noted to antagonize Rhizoma Zingiberis Officinalis (gan jiang), Radix Astragali Membranacei (huang qi), Fructus Zizyphi Jujubae (da zao), Frucutus Corni Officinalis (shan zhu yu), and is incompatible with Rhizoma et Radix Veratri (li lu).

Herb-Drug Interactions

  • May interfere with Anti-Diabetic drugs.

Toxicity and Overdose

  • This section is being researched, and is not completed.


  • 9-30 grams.
  • Part used: root.


  • To benefit the yin, this herb is often dry-fried in salt.

This Herb Appears in the Following Formulas:

This herb is incompatible with:
  • Li Lu (Radix Et Rhizoma Veratri)