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Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang (Ephedra, Apricot Kernel, Gypsum, and Licorice Decoction)


Previous Formula in CategoryNext Formula in Category Formula 17 of 30 in Formulas that Clear Heat

Sub-Category:

  • Formulas that Clear Heat from the Qi Level

Pattern:

  • Heat trapped in the Lungs, with or without an external Wind-Heat condition

Actions:

  • Releases the exterior, and clears Wind Heat
  • Clears heat from the Lungs.
  • Circulates the Lung Qi and stops wheezing by directing rebellious Lung Qi down.

Indications:

  • Fever with or without sweating
  • Coughing, wheezing, or asthma with difficult or labored breathing.
  • Flaring and pain of the nostrils.
  • Thirst with dry throat.

Possible Tongue Appearance:

  • Red tip with a thin yellow or white tongue coat

Possible Pulse Patterns:

  • Rapid, slippery, and floating when presenting with external conditions

Western Uses:

  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
  • Lobar Pneumonia
  • Bronchial Pneumonia
  • Bronchial Asthma
  • Pneumonitis from Measles
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
  • Diphtheria

Cautions, Contraindications, Herb Drug Interactions:

  • Do not use in cases of wheezing or asthma due to Wind Cold invasion
  • This formula contains one or more toxic substances (while some Chinese herbs are toxic, it must be noted that many come prepared, or are combined, to mitigate their toxicity).

Preparation Notes:

  • Decoction. Modern Dosage is usually 50% less than listed.

Originally Appeared In:

  • On Cold Damage (Shang Han Lun)

Notes:

  • Especially useful in children.

Combined Channels of all herbs in this formula:

  • Lungs, Bladder, Stomach, Large Intestine

Substances in this Formula (4 Total):


Ma Huang (Herba Ephedrae)
Ma Huang (Ephedra Stem) 麻黄
Qty: 12 grams
Chan: LU, BL
Prop: Spicy, Slightly Bitter, Warm
Latin: Herba Ephedrae
Cat: Warm, Spicy Herbs that Release the Exterior
Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum)
Shi Gao (Gypsum) 石膏
Qty: 48 grams
Chan: LU, ST
Prop: Sweet, Spicy, Very Cold
Latin: Gypsum Fibrosum
Cat: Herbs that Drain Fire
Xing Ren (Semen Pruni Armeniacae)
Xing Ren (Apricot Seed or Kernel) 杏仁
Qty: 18 grams (50 pieces)
Chan: LI, LU
Prop: Bitter, Slightly Warm, Slightly Toxic
Latin: Semen Pruni Armeniacae
Cat: Herbs that Relieve Coughing and Wheezing
Zhi Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae)
Zhi Gan Cao (Honey Fried Licorice Root) 炙甘草
Qty: 6 grams
Chan: All 12 Channels
Prop: Sweet, Warm
Latin: Radix Glycyrrhizae
Cat: Herbs that Tonify Qi

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