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a Chinese Formula

Da Jian Zhong Tang (Major Construct the Middle Decoction)

Previous Formula in CategoryNext Formula in Category Formula 5 of 10 in Formulas that Warm Interior Cold


  • Formulas that Warm the Channels and Disperse Cold


  • Cold from Yang Deficiency with upward movement of cold


  • Tonifies and warms the middle burner (SP/ST)
  • Moves rebellious Qi downward.
  • Alleviates pain.


  • Severe abdominal and epigastric pain that is aggravated with pressure
  • A strong cold sensation in the abdomen.
  • Nausea and vomiting causing an inability to eat.
  • Flatulence.

Possible Tongue Appearance:

  • Pale tongue with a moist coat
  • Pale tongue with a greasy white coat

Possible Pulse Patterns:

  • Tight pulse
  • Slow and wiry pulse
  • Deep and thready pulse in severe cases

Western Uses:

  • Chronic gastritis
  • Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Chronic Cholecystitis
  • Urinary calculi
  • Uncomplicated intestinal obstruction
  • Abdominal pain with spasms
  • Biliary Ascariasis
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Vomiting

Cautions, Contraindications, Herb Drug Interactions:

  • Do not use in cases of Blood and Yin Deficiency, with Damp Heat conditions, or internal clumping
  • This formula contains one or more toxic substances (while some Chinese herbs are toxic, it must be noted that many come prepared, or are combined, to mitigate their toxicity).

Preparation Notes:

  • Decoction. Yi Tang is added to the final strained decoction.
  • In modern formulations, Dang Shen is often substituted for Ren Shen with 2-3 times the dosage, a lower dosage of Chuan Jiao can be used, and half the listed dosage of Gan Jiang and Yi Tang are used.

Originally Appeared In:

  • Essentials from the Golden Cabinet (Jin Gui Yao Lue)

Combined Channels of all herbs in this formula:

  • Stomach, Spleen, Kidneys, Lungs, Heart

Substances in this Formula (4 Total):

Chuan Jiao (Pericarpium Zanthoxyli Bungeani)
Chuan Jiao (Fruit of Szechuan Pepper) 川椒
Qty: 3-9 grams
Chan: KI, SP, ST
Prop: Spicy, Hot, Slightly Toxic
Latin: Pericarpium Zanthoxyli Bungeani
Cat: Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold
Gan Jiang (dry Rhizoma Zingiberis)
Gan Jiang (Dried Ginger Rhizome) 干姜
Qty: 12 grams
Chan: HT, LU, SP, ST
Prop: Spicy, Hot
Latin: dry Rhizoma Zingiberis
Cat: Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold
Ren Shen (Radix Ginseng)
Ren Shen (Ginseng Root) 人参
Qty: 6 grams
Chan: LU, SP
Prop: Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Slightly Warm
Latin: Radix Ginseng
Cat: Herbs that Tonify Qi
Yi Tang (Saccharum Granorum)
Yi Tang (Barley Malt Sugar, Maltose) 饴糖
Qty: 18-30 grams
Chan: LU, SP, ST
Prop: Sweet, Slightly Warm
Latin: Saccharum Granorum
Cat: Herbs that Tonify Qi

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